A compilation of present and past weather at Armidale NSW Australia
Armidale is located on the Northern Tablelands of New South Wales, elevation 987 metres
All information from Bureau of Meteorology weather stations in Armidale
Above: Cloud-ground lightning bolts during a thunderstorm at Black Mountain,
north of Armidale on 23 November 2013. Image by Ian Reeve.
Armidale Airport: Current temperature and wind information. Further data from the airport HERE.
Note: the airport is 93 metres higher and five kilometres from the city weather station resulting in slightly different weather conditions occurring there. Winds are usually around 10 to 15 kms per hour stronger at the airport. Day temps are about one degree lower, and night and early morning temps can be around two to four degrees higher at the airport.
Armidale city weather station (click “refresh” for latest update)
Yesterday’s maximum 24 Nov: 24.5C at 14:10 (AEDT) This morning’s minimum 25 Nov: 8.5C at 04:40 (AEDT)
Rainfall 24 hours to 9am today 25 Nov: 0.0mm
Latest Weather Forecast for Armidale
Guyra weather website
Right: Hailstones on the grass in North Armidale shortly after the hailstorm on 6th November 2017
This Month - November 2017
Total Rainfall up to 9am on the 25th:
35.0 mm (average: 83 mm)
This Year - 2017 up to 25 November:
Total Rainfall: 689.6 mm (Jan-Nov average: 695 mm, annual av: 784 mm)
Highest Daily Rainfall: 43.6 mm on 29 Jun
Highest Temperature: 37.6C on 12 Feb
Lowest Temperature: -7.3C on 22 Jul
Hot Days - Temp 30C or higher: 26 (average: 14 days)
Cold Days - Maximum below 10C: 3 (average: 15 days)
Cold Mornings with Frosts: 98 (average: 98)
Latest Weather News 2017
(using information from Armidale City weather station)
SEVERE HAILSTORM - Monday 6th November - As a low pressure trough moved through New South Wales a line of thunderstorms hundreds of kilometres long, developed over the west of the state and moved rapidly eastwards. As the storms encountered uplift over the slopes and tablelands some became severe. One such storm developed over Armidale at 4.20pm lasting for about 15 minutes dropping large hailstones from one to three centimetres in diameter with the northern parts of the city being worst affected. Hailstones were smaller in central and southern parts. In North Armidale over 50 percent of the ground was whitened by the hailstones with resulting damage to cars, gardens, trees and outdoor furniture. A total of 6.0 mm of rain and melted hail was recorded at the city weather station from the storm with higher amounts recorded in North Armidale. See image above of hailstones which fell during this storm.
Click on this link for details of three previous severe hailstorms in Armidale in 1996, 2000 and 2006: Armidale hailstorms.
EVAPORATION - How much water is lost through evaporation every day/month/year from water storages on farms? During times of low rainfall, water loss through evaporation can be critical for the survival of pastures, crops and livestock. Evaporation readings have been taken at the East Armidale weather station since 1983, and this data has been used to build up a profile for the Armidale area on this important aspect of the weather. Details here:
Evaporation in Armidale.
OCTOBER RAINFALL - 103.6 mm on 16 days. It was the wettest October since 2004 (119.2 mm) with a number of moderate falls, the highest being 39.2 mm on the 8th/9th. Details in the October 2017 Weather Review. October 2017 daily data table here.
HEAVIEST RAIN FOR 15 WEEKS - 8th-9th October - After an extended dry period of over three months Armidale finally received a good heavy fall of rain overnight on the 8th/9th October with 39.2mm recorded for the 24 hours to 9am on the 9th. The rain was caused by a low pressure trough which produced heavy rain and thunderstorms over north-eastern New South Wales.
SEPTEMBER RAINFALL: 8.2 mm on 5 days, 43 mm lower than the average. It was the driest September since 2003 (6.0 mm) and the driest month since April 2014 (6.4 mm). Details in the September 2017 Weather Review. September 2017 daily data table here.
LATE SEPTEMBER HEAT - 22nd to 28th September - Unseasonally warm conditions prevailed over New South Wales over the seven days with maximum temperatures in Armidale between 6 and 10 degrees warmer than the long term average. The warmest days were the 23rd (28.5C) and the 27th (28.4C). The unusually high temperatures were caused by low pressure troughs drawing hot air from central Australia into New South Wales. The maximum on the 23rd was just 0.2C below the September record of 28.7C recorded on 25/9/2002 and again on 26/9/2013.
TELEVISION REPORTING OF ARMIDALE’S WEATHER - Since 1st August 2015 when the Armidale city weather station ceased taking 3pm daily readings, all three television networks (ABC, NBN, Prime) in their evening weather reports report the day’s maximum and minimum temperatures from Armidale airport.
Unfortunately the airport temperatures are not as representative of conditions in the city due to its higher elevation. Overnight minimums in particular are often around 2 to 5 degrees colder at the city weather station which is located in the Armidale valley where temperature inversions are common on calm clear nights. More details on the reasons for temperatures differences between the two stations here.
Temperatures recorded at the city weather
station can be accessed from the Bureau of Meteorology after about 9.40am
9am daily summary - scroll down to Northern Tablelands.
Also here after about 10.15am: Armidale daily observation tables.
The previous day’s maximum and the current day’s overnight minimum in the city are also shown at the top of this page after about 9.30am.
FIRST RAIN FOR 31 DAYS - Sunday 3rd September - A line of thunderstorms associated with a trough moving through eastern New South Wales delivered 2.8 mm to Armidale city between 6.30pm and 7.30pm ending a 31 day dry spell. The previous rainfall was 12.2 mm in the evening of 3rd August.
COLD START TO SPRING - The minimum temperatures on the 1st and 2nd September of -5.7C and -6.2C respectively were unusually cold for the first month of spring. The minimum on the 2nd was the lowest for the month of September since 7 September 1995 (-6.4C). The unusually low overnight temperatures have been caused by a very dry air mass over New South Wales along with clear skies and calm nights.
WINTER 2017 was drier than normal with day temperatures higher than the long term average. Details in the Winter 2017 Weather Review.
AUGUST RAINFALL: 12.8 mm on 2 days, 35 mm lower than the average. Most of the rain (12.2 mm) fell in the evening of the 3rd. A number of high pressure systems over New South Wales kept cold fronts and rain systems to the south of the state with clear skies and sunny dry conditions prevailing over the New England region for most of the month. Details in the August 2017 Weather Review. August 2017 daily data table here.
WARM AND WINDY DAY - Wednesday 16th August - A cold front moving through New South Wales produced strong gusty north-westerly winds and unusually high temperatures for winter. Armidale airport recorded wind gusts in excess of 70 km per hour between 12 noon and 2.30pm, and the maximum temperature of 22.6C at 1.53pm was the warmest for the month of August since 23rd August 2012 (23.3C).
JULY RAINFALL: 16.0 mm on 5 days, 32 mm lower than the average. A number of high pressure systems over New South Wales kept cold fronts and rain systems to the south of the state with clear skies and sunny dry conditions prevailing over the New England region for most of the month. Details in the July 2017 Weather Review. July 2017 daily data table here.
COLDEST MORNING FOR 3 YEARS - Saturday 22nd July - A high pressure system over eastern Australia resulted in clear skies and calm conditions which caused very low overnight temperatures on the Northern Tablelands. Armidale recorded a minimum of -7.3C at 7.12am, the coldest temperature recorded since 9th July 2014 (-8.2C).
COLD SNAP - Wednesday 19th July - In the first major cold weather event of the year very cold air swept over the Northern Tablelands in the wake of a front. Strong winds, low temperatures and light showers of rain and small hail occurred throughout the day. The maximum temperature at the city weather station was 8.5C, and at the Armidale airport 7.3C.
CALM DAY - 10th July - A high pressure ridge over northern New South Wales resulted in unusually light winds. During the day Armidale Airport averaged a wind speed of 6.7 km per hour, while in the more sheltered Armidale valley the wind speed at the city weather station averaged just 1.3 km per hour throughout the day. This meant there was an almost complete lack of wind for a full day, a rare event on the Northern Tablelands.
JUNE RAINFALL: 87.6 mm on 15 days, 32 mm higher than the average. Most of the rain fell in two events. Details in the June 2017 Weather Review. June 2017 daily data table here.
LATE JUNE RAIN - 28th-29th - An upper level trough combined with a surface trough brought moderate falls of rain to north-eastern New South Wales. Armidale recorded 58.2 mm on the 28th and 29th with moderate flooding in Dumaresq Creek on the 29th and 30th.
JUNE RAIN EVENT - 9th-13th - A low pressure trough which developed off the far north coast of New South Wales remained for over a week generating heavy rain along the north coast, particularly on the 10th, 11th and 12th, with some rain moving onto the Northern Tablelands. Armidale recorded a total of 25.6 mm from the 9th to the 13th.
MAY RAINFALL: 35.0 mm on 7 days, 8 mm lower than the average. The heaviest fall was 16.4 mm on the 28th, with all other falls being light. Further details in the May 2017 Weather Review. May 2017 daily data table here.
APRIL RAINFALL: 22.0 mm on 6 days, 23 mm lower than the average. All falls were light except for the highest daily fall of 10.4 mm on the 26th. Further details in the April 2017 Weather Review. April 2017 daily data table here.
FIRST FROST OF THE YEAR - Saturday 29th April - The first frost of 2017 was recorded with a screen minimum temperature of -0.4C and a grass minimum of -3.5C at 6.47am. This brings to an end a frost-free period of 184 days since the last frost on 26th October 2016.
MARCH RAINFALL - WETTEST FOR 123 YEARS - 200.6 mm on 18 days - March 2017 was an unusually wet autumn month with low pressure troughs persisting over New South Wales generating moderate to heavy falls of rain in many areas. Armidale’s total for the month of 200.6 mm was over three times the March average. It was Armidale’s wettest month since November 2011 (244 mm) and the wettest March since 1894 (228 mm). Further details in the March 2017 Weather Review. March 2017 daily data table here.
SUMMER OF 2016/17 HOTTEST FOR 78 YEARS - With maximum temperatures averaging 28.8C over the three months of December 2016 and January and February 2017, it was only marginally cooler than the summer of 1938/39 which included a record breaking heatwave in January. Temperatures reached or exceeded 30.0C on 35 days (long term average 12 days) with the maximum temperature of 37.6C on the 12th February being the highest daily temperature since 15th January 1939 when 39.7C was recorded. Further details in the Summer 2017 Weather Review.
HOTTEST FEBRUARY FOR 78 YEARS - With maximum temperatures averaging 29.2C, it was the hottest February since 1939. The long term average is 25.4C. Temperatures exceeded 30.0C on 13 days of the month, 10 days more than the long term average, and two days reached 37C. See below. As with the previous month the unusually warm conditions were the result of numerous low pressure troughs developing over inland New South Wales during the month drawing in hot air from central Australia. There was also a lack of any major rain systems which usually bring cooler conditions. Further details in the February 2017 Weather Review.
FEBRUARY RAINFALL: 100.8 mm on 9 days, 13 mm higher than the average. Most of the rain fell during thunderstorms with the heaviest falls on the 2nd (32.2 mm) and the 19th (21.2 mm). February 2017 daily data table here.
HEAT - HOTTEST DAY FOR 78 YEARS - Sunday 12th February - The maximum
temperature of 37.6C was the hottest
on record at the East Armidale weather station which has been recording temperatures
since 1981. The previous highest was 37.1C on 3rd January 2014.
The temperature remained above 30.0C from 10.15am until 9.00pm with the maximum of 37.6C reached at 3.35pm. The maximum on the previous day, Saturday 11th February, was 37.0C.
Earlier temperature records from the Armidale CBD showed that the temperature on Sunday the 12th was the hottest since 15th January 1939 when the all time record for Armidale of 39.7C was recorded at the post office*.
The maximum temperature at Armidale Airport on 12th February 2017 was 37.1C.
A low pressure trough over western New South Wales bringing in very hot air from central Australia was responsible for the extreme conditions.
*When comparing temperatures recorded at the present weather station site in East Armidale with those in the Armidale CBD, the readings have been weighted to be compatible with the earlier recordings.
FEBRUARY HEATWAVE - 30th January to 7th February - Armidale experienced nine consecutive days above 30C. The highest over the period was 34.4C on Monday the 6th. This equalled the record for the most number of consecutive days above 30C: nine days: 16th-24th December 1990. The unusually warm conditions were caused by a low pressure trough extending from north-west Australia into New South Wales drawing in very hot air from central Australia. The trough remained in this position for over a week keeping cool changes to the south of the state.
JANUARY 2017 HOTTEST MONTH FOR 26 YEARS - With day temperatures averaging 29.1C, January 2017 was the hottest summer month since December 1990. It was also the hottest January since 1952. The unusually warm conditions were the result of numerous low pressure troughs developing over inland New South Wales during the month drawing in hot air from central Australia. There was also a lack of any major rain systems which usually bring cooler conditions. Further details in the January 2017 Weather Review.
JANUARY RAINFALL: 68.0 mm on 10 days, 34 mm lower than the average. January 2017 daily data table here.
WARMEST NIGHT FOR 4 YEARS - Saturday 14th January - The minimum of 20.2C recorded at 12.55am was the highest minimum for any month since 19th January 2013. Armidale airport recorded an even higher minimum of 22.4C. The very warm overnight conditions were caused by a low pressure trough lying over north-eastern New South Wales drawing in hot air from central Australia. A slightly higher minimum of 20.3C was recorded 11 days later on the 25th January.
Weather News 2016
(using information from Armidale City weather station)
2016 ARMIDALE’S HOTTEST YEAR ON RECORD - 2016 was Australia’s fourth hottest year on record, but in Armidale it was the hottest year on record based on all maximum and minimum temperatures recorded throughout the year. The database used for this calculation commences in 1891 with the period covering 126 years.
Highest: 2016 averaging 15.37C. Second highest: 2014 averaging 15.33C. Third highest: 1998 averaging 15.15C. Fourth highest: 2009 averaging 15.09C.
Based on just maximum or day temperatures 2016 was Armidale’s third hottest on record. Highest: 2014 averaging 22.4C. Second highest: 2002 averaging 22.3C, third hottest: 2016 averaging 22.2C. Note that all these records have taken place in the last 20 years.
Temperatures recorded since 1997 at present weather station site in East Armidale have been adjusted to be compatible with earlier CBD recordings. See long term temperature graph at the bottom of this page.
2016 ANNUAL WEATHER REVIEW here.
2016 RAINFALL: 780.6 mm, just 3 mm lower than the annual average.
HOTTEST DECEMBER FOR 26 YEARS - December 2016 was the hottest December (based on maximum temperatures) since 1990. The average maximum of 28.1C was the highest for the month of December since 1990 which averaged 29.3C. Temperatures reached 30.0C or higher on 9 days of the month. The unusually warm conditions were caused by a number of troughs drawing in very warm air from the centre of Australia.
DECEMBER RAINFALL: 80.0 mm on 12 days, 9 mm lower than the average. Half the rain total fell on one day, the 23rd, the remainder of the falls were mostly light. Further details in the December 2016 Weather Review. December 2016 daily data table here.
THUNDERSTORMS, HEAVY RAIN, HAIL, FLOODING - 23rd December - A series of thunderstorms built up over the Armidale area in the afternoon with a number of heavy falls of rain and small hailstones from 3.30 to 5.00pm. The storms dropped 39.6 mm of rain in Armidale city and 57.0 mm at the airport where wind gusts of 96 km per hour were recorded between 3.53 and 4.00pm. The deluge caused moderate flooding in Dumaresq Creek which closed all low level causeways in the city.
HOTTEST DECEMBER DAYS FOR 3 YEARS - 3rd December - A low pressure trough extending from Queensland into New South Wales brought very warm north-westerly winds and high temperatures into the state. Armidale’s maximum temperature of 33.0C at 2.34pm was the highest for the month of December since 29th December 2013 when it reached 34.4C. Further hot temperatures followed: 32.6C on the 4th, and 33.4C on the 5th.
IS ARMIDALE’S CLIMATE BECOMING WARMER? Go to the bottom of this page for the 126 year Armidale temperature graph.
SNOW IMAGES - Gallery of snow photographs taken in various locations on the Northern Tablelands over the last 30 years:
Snow images 1984 to 2015.
EBOR FALLS ICE AND SNOW (Historic Event) - In July 2007, after several mornings of sub-zero temperatures, Ebor Falls, 80 kms east of Armidale, partly froze and a mini snowfield was created by spray at the base of the falls. Photographs of this amazing event here.
Where will it fall, when will it fall, and how much is likely to fall?
Click HERE to access the Bureau of Meteorology's four day rainfall predictions.
This Month’s Daily Data
Click HERE for daily data for this month compiled by the Bureau of Meteorology. Data is from the city weather station at East Armidale except for wind and pressure readings which are from the Armidale Airport weather station.
More detailed daily data can be found below - Armidale Weather - Monthly Data Files.
December in Armidale - what can we expect?
Normal conditions in December…
The first month of summer brings more humid conditions and warm to very warm days with temperatures often reaching the high twenties and sometimes into the low thirties. Nights are still mostly cool with minimums occasionally below 5 degrees.
Rainfall can be moderate to heavy with much of it falling from thunderstorms as the storm season reaches its peak in December. Flash flooding is often a feature of these storms, and hail is also possible. Hot sunny days are often cooled in the late afternoon by thunderstorms which build up rapidly after the middle of the day.
Average max temp: 25.1 deg Average
min temp: 11.2 deg
Average rainfall: 89.0 mm on 10 days Average fine sunny days: 15
Average days with thunderstorms: 8 Average frosts: 0.3
Average hours of sunshine per day: 8.1
Hottest: 34.8 deg on 19th Dec 1990 Coldest: -0.5 deg on 4th Dec 1987 & 7th Dec 2002
Hottest at former CBD site: 37.7 deg on 20th Dec 1938
National Climate Centre outlook for December 2017: Rainfall close to the long term average, temperatures close to the long term average.
Weather at Nearby Locations & Links to Webcams & Automatic Weather Stations (AWS)
DO YOU HAVE ANY PHOTOGRAPHS OF ARMIDALE'S WEATHER? I'm always on the lookout for good photos for this website. If you have any which you think look good (interesting clouds, sunsets, hail, frosts, snow, floods etc) in or around Armidale, please email them to me here.
statistics in these pages referring to Armidale are sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology
weather station in East Armidale, station number 56037. Some data is also used
from the Bureau’s automatic weather station at Armidale airport, station number
Feedback or queries: here.
The above graph shows the average (mean of average max and average min) temperature for each year from 1891 to 2016.
The dotted line is the ten year average.
Until 1997 temperatures were recorded in Armidale’s CBD. Temperatures recorded since 1997 at the East Armidale site have been weighted to be compatible with the earlier recordings.
The ten year average dotted line shows periods of warming and cooling.