© Compiled and written by Peter Burr, U.N.E, using data recorded at the Bureau of Meteorology/ University of New England weather station at East Armidale. No part of this review may be reproduced for commercial purposes without prior permission from the author.
RAINFALL: After three consecutive years of below average rainfall, and while other parts of New South Wales were still drought affected in 2003, Armidale managed to beat the long term average (LTA) by just two millimetres. January was very dry and hot followed by moderate falls in February March and April, after which a dry winter set in with much lighter rain from May through to September. Above average falls arrived again in October, November and December with the total for the year reaching 789.8 millimetres. The winter months were particularly dry with just 118 millimetres recorded for the five months from May to September which was less than half the average of 249 millimetres for that period.
TEMPERATURES: Temperatures were close to normal from February to August. January and September were unusually warm, while October and November were cooler than normal. December was a little warmer than normal. The highest temperature for the year was 36.3 degrees on January 31st, which was Armidale’s hottest day since December 19th 1990, and the lowest for the year was -10.5 degrees on July 28th. Of note was the minimum of -3.0 degrees on November 3rd which was the lowest temperature ever recorded in the month of November.
WINDS: Winds were light to moderate in January, February and September, and lighter than normal in all other months. The prevailing directions were easterlies from January to May, and westerlies for the rest of the year. The year totalled 13 windy days* (annual average 20 days), and 130 days with light winds** (annual average 144 days). Winds were westerly on 128 days, easterly on 94 days, south-easterly on 41 days, south-westerly on 37 days, variable on 27 days, north-westerly on 21 days, northerly on 6 days, southerly on 6 days and north-easterly on 5 days.
EVAPORATION: Total for the year was 1259 millimetres which was 37 mm higher than the long term average. Average daily evaporation for the year was 3.4 mm, and the highest amount in a single day was 10.0 mm on January 19th.
FROSTS: Total frosts for the year was 100 which is just three more than the LTA. There were 33 light frosts, 41 moderate frosts and 26 severe frosts. The first frost was on April 18th which produced a frost-free period of 131 days over the summer of 2002-03. The last frost was on November 27th.
FOGS: There were fogs on 30 days which is 2 days less than the annual average. The months with the most fogs were May and June with 6 fogs each.
SNOW: Although there were a number of cold snaps during the winter months, there were no snowfalls in 2003. The annual average is 2.4 days of snow.
THUNDERSTORMS: Thunderstorm activity was a little lower than normal with December having the most number of storms. There were 57 thunderstorm events during the year (the annual average is 60) - 20 slight storms, 16 moderate storms, 3 heavy storms, and 18 occasions of thunder without precipitation. There were no severe storms.
HAIL: There were hailfalls on 4 days (the annual average is 3.3 hail days). Hail fell on March 30 (up to 8 mm diameter), October 2nd (up to 15 mm diameter) and on December 15th (up to 10 mm diameter). Soft hail mixed with rain fell on January 7th.
FLOODS: Flooding occurred in Dumaresq Creek in the morning of February 22nd, and the afternoons of April 28th, November 8th and December 15th.
DUST: The severe drought in the far west of New South Wales caused large dust clouds to be blown across the east of the state on two occasions in 2004. In the afternoon of January 31st visibility in Armidale was reduced by dust to less than 15 kilometres, and in the morning of October 29th a dust cloud reduced visibilty to less than 6 kilometres.
* Windy day - average wind speed higher than 20 kms per hour: 9am to
** Day with light winds - average wind speed less than 8 kms per hour: 9am to 6pm
Weather Statistics 2003 - Armidale NSW
|Long Term Average||102.5||87.3||66.2||45.4||44.2||55.6||49.0||48.3||51.8||68.0||81.4||88.0||787.6|
|Long Term Average||10||10||10||8||8||10||9||9||8||9||9||10||110|
|HIGHEST DAILY RAINFALL mm||24.0||67.4||23.2||41.4||6.2||11.8||7.4||17.6||6.0||23.2||44.6||47.2||42.6|
|AVERAGE DAILY MAX TEMP deg C||28.7||24.8||22.1||18.4||16.0||13.9||12.5||14.6||19.2||18.7||22.3||26.2||19.8|
|Long Term Average deg C||26.1||25.2||23.4||19.8||16.1||12.9||12.2||13.8||17.2||20.2||22.5||24.9||19.5|
|AVERAGE DAILY MIN TEMP deg C||11.4||14.0||9.8||7.5||4.2||1.2||-0.8||0.0||1.4||4.2||7.1||12.1||6.0|
|Long Term Average deg C||12.5||12.5||10.2||6.3||3.9||0.6||-0.2||-0.1||2.5||5.4||8.6||10.9||6.1|
|AVERAGE GRASS MIN TEMP deg C||7.1||12.0||6.7||4.4||1.2||-1.8||-4.1||-3.5||-3.0||1.0||4.1||9.7||2.8|
|Long Term Average deg C||9.0||9.6||8.1||3.6||-0.5||-3.6||-3.9||-3.9||-0.6||1.8||6.1||7.6||2.8|
|HIGHEST MAXIMUM TEMP deg C||36.3||31.0||24.5||22.9||23.5||17.8||19.4||22.3||27.9||25.7||30.0||32.4||36.3|
|LOWEST MAXIMUM TEMP deg C||22.0||18.5||17.1||15.0||12.4||8.9||6.5||11.3||11.6||11.9||15.5||13.5||6.5|
|HIGHEST MINIMUM TEMP deg C||20.6||16.6||17.7||14.4||11.6||9.7||5.7||10.3||16.5||13.3||18.0||19.5||20.6|
|LOWEST MINIMUM TEMP deg C||4.7||10.8||2.9||1.1||-5.0||-5.5||-10.5||-7.2||-5.6||-3.5||-3.0||4.5||-10.5|
|LOWEST GRASS MIN TEMP deg C||0.3||8.0||-0.3||-1.8||-8.6||-10.0||-14.3||-10.5||-9.5||-6.9||-6.7||2.3||-14.3|
|Long Term Average days||0||0||1||6||11||17||19||19||15||7||2||0||97|
|Long Term Average||1||1||3||5||5||4||3||2||2||2||1||1||32|
|Long Term Average days||7||4||3||1||1||0||0||0||2||3||6||8||36|
|Long Term Average mm||165.2||129.9||120.7||77.8||50.4||38.0||42.6||65.8||96.9||130.0||138.1||166.3||1221.7|
|AV. DAILY EVAPORATION mm||6.8||4.3||3.5||2.3||1.8||1.4||1.4||2.0||4.4||3.7||4.6||5.4||3.5|
|HIGHEST DAILY EVAPORATION mm||10.0||6.8||5.0||3.6||4.0||3.4||2.0||4.2||7.0||7.4||7.6||7.8||10.0|
|AVERAGE DAILY WIND RUN km||147.8||156.2||105.3||103.9||127.1||110.8||99.1||120.5||191.5||138.9||135.4||138.1||131.2|
|Long Term Average km||166.6||161.6||158.8||141.0||140.7||162.9||170.7||184.3||189.7||174.8||170.7||171.3||166.1|
|PREVAILING WIND DIRECTION||E||E||E||E||E||W||W||W||W||W||W||W|
|NUMBER OF FINE DAYS ^||25||8||14||12||18||14||17||16||28||17||14||14||197|
|MAXIMUM TEMP > 29.9 deg. days||14||4||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||7||26|
|MAXIMUM TEMP < 10.0 deg. days||0||0||0||0||0||2||8||0||0||0||0||0||10|
|MINIMUM TEMP < 5.0 deg. days||1||0||2||10||15||24||30||24||23||18||9||1||157|
^ A fine day is a dry sunny day generally free from excessive
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec